You’ve heard of the vegan diet and you’re most likely au fait with Paleo too, but how about ‘Peganism’?
Yep, we had no idea the Pegan diet existed either, but according to one of the top functional medicine doctors in the US this way of eating might be the healthiest of them all.
“Even the perfect vegan diet” will be lacking in important nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, iron, zinc, copper, or vitamin D.
While he found that a Paleo diet can often be used as an “excuse to eat much meat and too few plant-based foods.”
He admits, however, that both diets have their strengths and he found himself somewhere in the middle, coining this way of eating the ‘pegan diet.’
“The best versions of both diets are built on the same foundation: Eat real, whole food,” Dr Hyman says of vegan and Paleo diets.
“Vegan and paleo diets focus on foods that don’t raise our blood sugar, plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits, healthy protein and fats, and no crap.”
“I synthesized the best aspects of each and integrated them with the anti-inflammatory and detoxification principles of functional medicine to create a balanced, inclusive dietary plan that changed my life and my patients’ lives, too. Now thousands of people all over the world are following the pegan diet.”
Dr Hyman’s Pegan diet rules are pretty simple:
1. Stay away from sugar
That means anything that causes a spike in our insulin production. Thhink sugar, flour, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Eat mostly plants
Half your plate should be covered with veggies. The deeper the color, the more variety, the less starchy, the better.
3. Go easy on fruits
Stick to low-glycemic fruits, like berries, kiwis, and watermelon, and enjoy the others as a treat. Think of dried fruit as candy!
4. Stay away from pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, and GMO foods
The title says it all!
5. Eat foods containing healthy fats
You can find mega-3 fatty acids and other good fats in nuts, seeds, olive oil, and avocados.
6. Stay away from most vegetable, nut, and seed oils
This one can cause a bit of confusion. Avoid rapeseed, sunflower, corn, grapeseed, and especially soybean oil, which now accounts. Allow small amounts of cold-pressed nut and seed oils like sesame, macadamia, and walnut oils, using as condiments or for flavoring. Avocado oil can be used for higher-temperature cooking.
7. Avoid or limit dairy
It just doesn’t work for most people. But the occasional yogurt, kefir, grass-fed butter, ghee, and even cheese can be fine for most. You can also try goat or sheep products instead of cow dairy- and always go organic and grass-fed.
8. Think of meat and animal products as condiments
Dr Hyman like to call meat and animal products “condi-meat” – ie. not a main course
9. Eat sustainably raised or harvested low-mercury fish
Choose sustainably harvested or farmed, high omega-3, low mercury varieties such as sardines, herring, anchovies, and wild-caught salmon.
10. Avoid gluten
Dr. Alessio Fasano of Harvard, the world’s top gluten expert, has done research showing that gluten damages the gut—even in non-gluten-sensitive people who show no symptoms. Need a bread fix? Look for heirloom varieties of wheat like einkorn.
11. Eat gluten-free whole grains sparingly
Small portions of low-glycemic grains like black rice, quinoa, teff, buckwheat, or amaranth can be enjoyed, though be mindful these still raise blood sugar and can trigger autoimmunity.
12. Eat beans only once in a while
Stick to lentils and avoid starchy beans. Lentils are best. They are a great source of fiber, protein, and minerals, but they cause digestive problems for some, and the lectins and phytates they contain may impair mineral absorption.
13. Get tested to personalise your approach